A list of all Prime Ministers of India from 1947 to 2021 is given below;
1. Jawaharlal Nehru:
15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964 (16 years, 286 days)
Acting – Gulzarilal Nanda:
27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri:
9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966
(1 year, 216 days)
Acting – Gulzarilal Nanda:
11 January 1966 to 24 January 1966
3. Indira Gandhi:
24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
(11 years, 59 days)
4. Morarji Desai:
24 March 1977 to 28 July 1979
(2 years, 126 days)
5. Charan Singh:
28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
(3) Indira Gandhi:
14 January 1980 to 31 October 1984
(4 years, 291 days)
6. Rajiv Gandhi:
31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989
(5 years, 32 days)
7. V.P. Singh:
2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990
8. Chandra Shekhar:
10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991
9. P.V. Narasimha Rao:
21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996
(4 years, 330 days)
10. Atal Bihari Vajpayee:
16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
11. H.D. Deve Gowda:
1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
12. I.K. Gujral:
21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998
(10) Atal Bihari Vajpayee:
19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
(6 years, 64 days)
13. Manmohan Singh:
22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
(10 years, 4 days)
14. Narendra Modi:
26 May 2014 – till date
Some important questions for UPSC and other competitive exams;
Q1. Who was the first Prime Minister of India?
Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India.
Q2. Who is the longest-serving Prime Minister of India?
Ans. Jawaharlal Nehru was the longest Prime Minister of India. The total tenure as Prime Minister is 16 years and 286 days.
The second-longest-serving Prime Minister was Indira Gandhi, She served as Prime minister for a period of 15 years and 350 days.
Q3. Who was the first woman Prime Minister of India?
Ans. Indira Gandhi was the first and the only women prime Minister of India. She became the Prime Minister on 24 January 1966 for the first time.
Q4. Who was the first Non-Congress Prime Minister of India?
Ans. Morarji Desai was the first Non-Congress Prime Minister of India. He was from Janata Party and became the Prime Minister of India on 24 March 1977. However, he could not complete his tenure of five years and resigned on 28 July 1979. His total duration as the Prime Minister of India is 2 years and 126 days.
Q5. Who is the youngest Prime Minister of India?
Ans. Rajiv Gandhi was the youngest Prime Minister of India. He became the Prime Minister at the age of 40.
Q6. Who was the second Prime Minister of India?
Ans. The second Prime Minister of India was Lal Bahadur Shastri. He became Prime Minister of India on 9 June 1964 after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru. Gulzari Lal Nanda had served as the acting Prime Minister of India after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru till the formation of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s Government.
Q7. Who is the current Prime Minister of India?
Ans. Narendra Modi is the current Prime Minister of India. He is from Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). He was appointed as the Prime Minister on 26 May 2014 for the first time and continuing the office till today.
Q8. Which Non-Congress Prime Minister completed the tenure of five years in office?
Ans. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first non-congress prime minister who completed the tenure of five years. Later on, Narendra Modi also completed the five-year tenure and is continuing the office consecutively for the second term. Both Narendra Modi and Atal Bihari Vajpayee belong to Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) and they formed the government along with their alliance. However, Morarji Desai was the first Non-Congress Prime Minister of India but he could not complete his tenure of five years.
Q9. Which political party have won the highest number of Lok Sabha seats in a single election?
Ans. Congress party had won the highest Lok seats in 1984 elections. They had won 414 seats (including 10 seats from Assam and Punjab, for which the elections were delayed). 400 + seats by congress is a record to date. No single party has ever crossed the 400 seat landmark to date.
These elections were held after the assassination of Indira Gandhi.
The Telugu Desam Party (Andhra Pradesh) of N. T. Rama Rao had won 30 seats during the 1984 elections and became the second-largest party after Congress.
Q10. What is the maximum strength of Lok Sabha?
Ans. In Loksabha the maximum strength is fixed to 552, out of which 530 represent the States, 20 represent the union territories (UTs), and 2 members are nominated by President from Anglo Indian (this provision removed recently). However, the present strength of Lok Sabha is 545.
Q11. Who appoints the Prime Minister of India?
Ans. The President appoints the Prime Minister of India. In general, the leader of the winning party is invited by the president to form the government.
Q12. Who was the first President of India?
Ans. The first President of India was Dr. Rajendra Prasad. He was a lawyer from Bihar and have fought the war of freedom during the British era.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad is the longest-serving (12 years and 107 days) president of India and the only president to serve two or more terms in office.
Q13. Who was the first Vice – President of India?
Ans. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice – President of India. Later he became second President of India after Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Teacher’s day is celebrated on the 5th of September every year on the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He was a renowned philosopher, statesman as well as a teacher.
To read the names of the council of ministers (cabinet ministers, Ministers of State – Independent Charge, and Ministers of State) and their portfolios, in the present Narendra Modi government, Please click here.
To read the name of the prime ministers and their tenure from the Government website, please click here.
To read the list of the Indian Prime Ministers from Wikipedia, Please click here.